Say adieu to Breast Cancer
One out of eight women in India is fighting against Breast Cancer. Worldwide ‘Breast cancer’ is the most common invasive type of cancer in females. Of all the cancer patients worldwide, the mortality rate is 18.2% (Breast Cancer), which is nearly one fifth of all the cancer deaths. Learn about this most common type of cancer among women.
Check the below SYMPTOMS for detecting breast cancer at early stages **** (Enter the picture showing the symptoms)
Breast Cancer Causes
The breast cancer is caused mostly due to damage in a cell’s DNA. This damage multiplies very fast and could also affect other organs of the body. If it gets detected on time, before the harmful cell have a chance to move to the other parts of the body they are easier to target and treat the breast cancer.
Risk factors associated with breast cancer
© Few of the research suggest that women who start having periods early or enter late menopause than usual, are exposed to oestrogen hormone for longer duration which could put them at higher a risk of developing breast cancer. The longer period of menstrual cycle and longer duration of oestrogen exposure, also a sudden drop in oestrogen levels at menopause may lead to risk of having breast cancer.
© Research of scientists at the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Centre suggests that female who had been treated in childhood for cancer and exposed to radiations, have a higher risk of developing breast cancer.
© Experts say that post-menopausal obese women are at a higher risk of developing breast cancer.
© Hormone replacement therapy could also be a cause for Breast Cancer in woman.
© Genetic factors also play a role in causing cancer to women. The women who carry the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes have a considerably higher risk of developing breast and/or ovarian cancer. TP53, another gene, which is also linked to greater breast cancer risk.
The most common TYPES of breast cancer
Ductal carcinoma – this type of cancer begins in the ducts and grows into surrounding tissues. About 8 in 10 breast cancers are of this type.
Lobular carcinoma – this type of cancer begins in lobules and grows into surrounding tissues. About 1 in 10 breast cancers are of this type.
Stages of Breast Cancer
Stage 0 – 1: These lowest numbered stages represent the earliest detection of breast cancer development. At Stage 0 and 1, the cancer cells are confined to a very limited area.
Stage 1-2: Stage 2 breast cancer is still considered in the earlier stages, but at this stage, the cancer begins to grow or spread. This stage is still contained to the breast area and can be very effectively treated.
Stage 2-3: Stage 3 breast cancer is considered advanced cancer with evidence of cancer invading surrounding tissues near the breast.
Stage 3-4: Stage 4 breast cancer indicates that cancer has spread beyond the breast to other areas of the body.
DIY: Routine self-examination for Breast Cancer
© Annual clinical breast examinations and monthly breast self-examinations should be done as the primary early detection protocol.
© Once a year, perform a clinical breast examination without fail!
© Set aside 15 minutes to conduct thorough breast self-examination in a month. It is recommended to schedule it on the first day of menstruation.
© Make sure to schedule a mammogram within the first 14 days of your menstrual cycle.
© If you belong to age group of 30 and 50, then go for annual thermography screening.
© For age group of 20 and 30 year women we recommend to consider a thermogram every two years in addition to the monthly breast self-examinations.
(Enter the picture showing breast cancer tests)
* Disclaimer: The prices of mentioned tests and treatment are indicative; these could vary depending upon severity of the treatment.
Credits for this information is from the below references
Risk factors - http://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention